12:14 PMBALDAN BEREEVEN MONASTERY
Baldan Bereeven Monastery has a place with the Buddhist organization religious community Gelugpa. It's situated in the valley of the Baruun Jargalant River, in the entirety of Omnodelger, region of Khentii. Its name is the interpretation of the Tibetan word "drepung" signifying "heap of rice". Initially, its design was the same as the Drepung religious communities' one in India and Tibet.
The site has additionally a stylish esteem, since the religious community is encompassed by the beautiful, hallowed piles of the Khentii run : Munkh Ulziit, Arvan Gurvan Sansar, Bayan Baraat, and Bayan Khangai. Local people surmise that these four mountains have creature shapes : a lion at East, a winged serpent at South, a tiger at West, a garuda at North. The cloister is situated on the slope of a precarious precipice of Mount Munkh Ulziit, on which we can see a few stone figures speaking to Buddhist divine beings, mantras, and the image of soyombo.
Baldan Bereeven Monastery was made in 1654 at Tsevendorj's proposal. The lama Tsevendorj considered with Zanabazar, the main Bogd Gegeen of Mongolia, in Tibet. He needed to make a religious community with a comparable engineering to that of Lumbini, Buddha's origination, keeping in mind the end goal to house the Mongolian pioneers who couldn't travel up until this point. Initially, Baldan Bereeven had around 1500 lamas in its group.
The development of the primary sanctuary, called Dash Tsepel Ling, started in the mid-1700's and completed in 1776. The sanctuary Tsogchin Dugan, "extensive room", was accomplished in 1813 ; it was a multiplication of the popular Tibetan Utai Gumbun. The Tsogchin Dugan was one of the biggest structures of entire Mongolia. It was 30 meters (98,43 feet) long, 30 meters (98,43 feet) wide, and almost 12 meters (39,37 feet) high.
In 1850, once the redesign of the primary sanctuary finished, Baldan Bereeven, as a sequestered school, achieved its pinnacle. It housed four distinct schools and more than twenty sanctuaries, and right around 8000 lamas lived and contemplated here. Toward the start of the twentieth century, a pandemic wrecked the greater part the group.
Be that as it may, the disasters of the cloister went on. As from 1921 and the beginnings of socialism in Mongolia, numerous lamas were pursued, especially in the mid thirties with the religious mistreatment approach. In the first place, the Government pursued the Buddhist church. The last lost its freedom and needed to pay imperative expenses, previously being completely pulverized in 1937 amid the cleanses drove by Horloogiin Choibalsan. A large portion of the lamas still alive were slaughtered and covered in mass graves or sent in labor camps. Just the most youthful ones could backpedal to their family. Numerous relics were refined and changed in projectiles that the Soviet Union Army utilized amid World War 2.
Baldan Bereeven today
The remains of the religious community have been surrendered for very nearly 60 years. After the popularity based transformation of 1990, a couple of old lamas who had examined here while they were kids returned on the site. The reclamation of a few primary sanctuaries began. Today three sanctuaries have been reestablished regardless we can see the remnants of very nearly fifty different sanctuaries, stupas, and different religious landmarks.
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