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Mongolian sheep

Mongolia has a long history for crowding creatures which generally comprise of 5 residential species. Right around half of aggregate domesticated animals were sheep. Amid the change time frame to a free showcasing framework, herders expanded the quantity of goats in the run on the grounds that the cashmere cost expanded fundamentally. Thus, in 2009, the sheep rate dropped to 44% of the aggregate populace of domesticated animals, and the proportion of little ruminants was 1:1 sheep and goats. 

Customarily, sheep are esteemed by Mongolians who call them "Magnificence of run", "Noteworthy sustenance" and "Wellspring of fleece". Peaceful sheep meat is tasty and succulent with high nourishing worth. Mongolians say that "Owning sheep is equivalent to be protection". In this way, sheep rushes are the primary vocation hotspot for wanderers. Lamb and drain are the fundamental wellspring of sustenance utilization, felt is utilized for the covering material of the "ger" (conventional tent), garments including "Deel" (customary custom) can be produced using fleece and sheep stow away. Sheep runs can give numerous important things in the traveler's life with the exception of transport. Sheep compost is an essential fuel. Additionally, it is can be utilized to construct creature fence and litter for creatures. 

There are numerous sheep strains in Mongolia which are adjusted to the unforgiving atmosphere and tremendous domain. These are arranged into following classes: 

1. Coarse fleece and semi-coarse fleece sheep 

Downy comprises of cashmere, mid-hair, tip top hair and kemp-hair. This sort of fleece is utilized for making felt. Semi-coarse wool comprises of cashmere, mid-hair and tip top hair. This fleece is utilized as a part of making floor coverings and mats. The breeds are grouped into "fat-followed" and "sacrum followed" sheep. 

А. Fat-followed sheep 

1. Mongolian local breed (Khalkh) 

2. Gobi-Altay breed 

3. Baidrag breed 

4. Bayad breed 

5. Uzemchin breed 

6.Sartuul breed 

7.Darkahd strain 

8. Barga strain 

9. Sutai strain 

10. Khotont 


B. Karakul sheep 

1.Symber breed 

C. Sacrum sheep 

1. Kerei breed 

2. Torguud 

3. Altanbulag 

2. Fine and semi-fine sheep 

Fine sheep's wool has 20-25 microns medullation with a bunched downy. This breed has extremely thick hair 4-10,000 hairs for each cm2 which is 4-5 times higher than in the coarse fleece breed. The wool is gleaming with high fat substance and is exceptionally adaptable. Normal downy weight is 4-6 kg. Shading is for the most part white or whitish and the tail is thin. 

Semi-fine sheep fleece comprises of coarse cashmere and mid-hair, and is bunched. Medullation is more than 25 microns. The greater part of the breed is thin followed. A couple of semi-fine sheep are fat-followed. 

A reproducing program on Fine and Semi-fine sheep was begun in the 1930s. Foundation of a weaving plant production line with 1500 ton fleece handling limit expanded the interest for fine and semi-fine fleece. An escalated inquire about examination was done on fine sheep breed and this breed was affirmed in 1961. Since that time, 3 fine and semi-fine breeds have been made and endorsed as breed and rearing part. Rearing fine and semi-fine sheep was made to create material for weaving factory produces. 300-400 grams of fleece can create 1 meter cover and 1 kg coarse fleece can deliver 1 meter woolen fabric. 

Fine and semi-fine sheep have a higher live weight and dressing rate. The cover up is a significant wellspring of caps and fur garments. The rising cost of sheep fleece and conceals bolsters the herder's employment and expands salary. 

Fruitfulness rate is great and 130 posterity can be raised from 100 ewes. 

These sheep are raised in Selenge, Bulgan, Khentii and Dornod regions where there is appropriate feed and it is anything but difficult to oversee lodging, bolster and water supply. 

1. Khangai breed 

2. Orkhong breed 

3. Steppe white breed 

4. Yeruu 

5. Jargalant

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